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Middle East

With spectacular sites as the Pyramides, the lost city of Petra or the magnificent Roman ruins of Epheses or Jerash, the Middle East has long been referred to as the cradle of civilization.
The Middle East is a region that mainly includes Western Asia, but also the Northeastern part of Africa and parts of southeastern Europe. The definition of the Middle East vary and has no clear boundaries, it was formerly more commonly known as the Near East, in opposition to the Far East.

It is commonly accepted that the Middle East includes the following countries:
Bahrain, Egypt,
Iran,Iraq ,Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestinian Territories, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

Almost every country in the Middle East has a Muslim majority, with the notable exception of Israel which has a Jewish majority. The region has much to offer as one of the origins of human civilisation in the ancient and medieval worlds and the birthplace of several world religions. However planning a visit to many parts of the Middle East can be complicated in various ways.

The most visited countries in the region are: Egypt with the Pyramids, the Valley of the Kings, the great river Nile and beautiful seaside resorts; Turkey that has a myriad of ancient sites, delicious food, wonderful seaside resorts, exiting cities such as Istanbul, the former capital of both the Ottoman and Byzantine Empires, and the only city in the world to straddle two continents; Israel with the old city of Jerusalem as the jewel of the crown but also many other fascinating places to explore, including Herod's great fortress at Masada and the Dead Sea; Jordan, although the majority of tourists crossing into Jordanfrom Israel are on a one-day to the lost city of Petra; and recently Dubai, one of the seven emirates and developed into a tourist paradise, and Oman.

The largest hub for flights in the region is Dubai, from where you can reach virtually any point in the Middle East. After Dubai, Doha, Abu Dhabi, Tehran and Istanbul are the ones with good international connections. Tel Aviv in Israel is served by flights from most western countries, but it is not possible to fly from there to anywhere in the Middle East besides Turkey, Egypt and Jordan.

The best time of the year to visit the Middle East is in the Spring or the Autumn. It gets extremely hot in summer, and winter can be very cold, especially at higher locations.

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